标题：Molecular dynamics study of the effect of calcium ions on the monolayer of SDC and SDSn surfactants at the vapor/liquid interface
作者：Yan, H.;Guo, X.-L.;Yuan, S.-L.;Liu, C.-B.
作者机构：[Yan, H] Key Lab of Colloid and Interface Chemistry, Shandong University, Jinan 250100, China;[ Guo, X.-L] Key Lab of Colloid and Interface Chemistry, 更多
通讯作者地址：[Yuan, SL]Shandong Univ, Key Lab Colloid & Interface Chem, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China.
来源：Langmuir: The ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
摘要：The effect of Ca~(2+) ions on the hydration shell of sodium dodecyl carboxylate (SDC) and sodium dodecyl sulfonate (SDSn) monolayer at vapor/liquid interfaces was studied using molecular dynamics simulations. For each surfactant, two different surface concentrations were used to perform the simulations, and the aggregation morphologies and structural details have been reported. The results showed that the aggregation structures relate to both the surface coverage and the calcium ions. The divalent ions can screen the interaction between the polar head and Na+ ions. Thus, Ca ~(2+) ions locate near the vapor/liquid interface to bind to the headgroup, making the aggregations muchmore compact via the salt bridge. The potential of mean force (PMF) between Ca~(2+) and the headgroups shows that the interaction is decided by a stabilizing solvent-separated minimum in the PMF. To bind to the headgroup, Ca~(2+) should overcome the energy barrier. Among contributions to the PMF, the major repulsive interaction was due to the rearrangement of the hydration shell after the calcium ions entered into the hydration shell of the headgroup. The PMFs between the headgroup and Ca~(2+) in the SDSn systems showed higher energy barriers than those in the SDC systems. This result indicated that SDSn binds the divalent ions with more difficulty compared with SDC, so the ions have a strong effect on the hydration shell of SDC. That is why sulfonate surfactants have better efficiency in salt solutions with Ca~(2+) ions for enhanced oil recovery.