标题：Role of Toll-like receptors and retinoic acid inducible gene I in endogenous production of type I interferon in dermatomyositis
作者：Li, Ling; Dai, Tingjun; Lv, Jingwei; Ji, Kunqian; Liu, Junling; Zhang, Bin; Yan, Chuanzhu
作者机构：[Li, Ling; Dai, Tingjun; Lv, Jingwei; Ji, Kunqian; Liu, Junling; Zhang, Bin; Yan, Chuanzhu] Shandong Univ, Qilu Hosp, Dept Neurol & Neuromuscular Ctr, 更多
通讯作者地址：[Yan, CZ]Shandong Univ, Brain Sci Res Inst, Qilu Hosp, Dept Neurol & Neuromuscular Ctr, 107 West Wenhua Rd, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China.
来源：JOURNAL OF NEUROIMMUNOLOGY
关键词：Type I interferons; Dermatomyositis; Plasmacytoid dendritic cells;; Toll-like receptor; Retinoic acid inducible gene I
摘要：To explore the possible mechanisms implicated in the endogenous production of type I interferons within the muscle tissue of dermatomyositis (DM) patients. We detected the co-localization of plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) with Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and retinoic acid inducible gene (RIG)4 by immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence. Western blotting confirmed the expression of TLRs and RIG-I. TLR-3 and RIG-I was preferentially expressed in the perifascicular atrophy fibers of DM. TLR-7 was only in inflammatory infiltrates of a few DM patients. TLR-4 and TLR-9 was expressed mainly in inflammatory infiltrates. Immunofluorescence showed extensive co-localization of BDCA-2 with TLR-9 and little co-localization with TLR-7. Western blotting showed upregulation of expression of TIRs and RIG-I in DM compared with the controls. Our findings indicate that endogenous production of type I IFN in DM is generated by pDCs, mainly through the TLR-9 pathway and in part by TLR-7.TLR-3 and RIG-I are implicated in the formation of perifascicular atrophy in DM. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.