标题：USAID, official development assistance and counter terrorism efforts: Pre and post 9/11 analysis for South Asia
作者：Shahzad, Umer; Sarwar, Suleman; Farooq, Muhammad Umar; Qin, Fengming
作者机构：[Shahzad, Umer; Sarwar, Suleman; Qin, Fengming] Shandong Univ, Sch Econ, 27 Shanda Nanl Lu, Jinan, Shandong, Peoples R China.; [Sarwar, Suleman] Uni 更多
通讯作者地址：[Shahzad, U]Shandong Univ, Sch Econ, 27 Shanda Nanl Lu, Jinan, Shandong, Peoples R China.
来源：SOCIO-ECONOMIC PLANNING SCIENCES
关键词：USAID; Official development assistance; Economic aid; Negative binomial; regression; Terrorism; South Asia
摘要：The 9/11 terrorist attacks in United States and the subsequent declaration of war on terror have upturned worldwide issues including terrorist attacks, fatalities, disbursement of foreign aid and development assistance. Since 9/11 attacks, US economic and military aids and official development assistance have played a vital role in the South Asian region. Present study is the pioneer to examine the reaction of different types of foreign aid toward counter-terrorism policies. For this purpose, the paper used annual data of studied factors for the period 1991 to 2016 and employed three models as preferred and full specification, pre and post 9/11 analysis and financial crisis analysis. For econometric estimations, the study used quantile regression method, negative binomial regression, system GMM and two stage IV regression techniques with different control variables. Accordingly, the study documented that all types of foreign aid namely; development assistance, economic aid, military aid fuels terrorism in recipient countries, due to institutional problems or ongoing civil conflicts. We also find evidence that military expenditures and media freedom tends to have negative relationship on terrorism.