标题：The characteristics and influencing factors of the attached microalgae cultivation: A review
作者：Zhuang, Lin-Lan; Yu, Dawei; Zhang, Jian; Liu, Fei-fei; Wu, Yin-Hu; Zhang, Tian-Yuan; Dao, Guo-Hua; Hu, Hong-Ying
作者机构：[Zhuang, Lin-Lan; Zhang, Jian] Shandong Univ, Sch Environm Sci & Engn, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples R China.; [Zhuang, Lin-Lan; Wu, Yin-Hu; Zhang 更多
通讯作者：Hu, HongYing;Hu, HY
通讯作者地址：[Hu, HY]Tsinghua Univ, Sch Environm, Environm Simulat & Pollut Control State Key Joint, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China.
来源：RENEWABLE & SUSTAINABLE ENERGY REVIEWS
关键词：Attached microalgae cultivation; Algal biofilm; Lipid; Microalgae; harvest; CO2; Nitrogen
摘要：Attached microalgae cultivation could simplify the microalgae harvest process and reduce its associated cost, which has attracted much attention recently. In this paper, the reactor patterns, advantages, microalgae biomass productivity, influencing factors and the microalgae physicochemical properties in the attached microalgae cultivation was summarized to show the sketch of this novel microalgae cultivation. It was concluded that the attached microalgae cultivation is advantageous in achieving less water and space consumption, higher water treatment potential and higher biomass productivity compared with the traditional suspended microalgae cultivation. The accumulation of the attached microalgae biomass showed a linear increase with culture time with the largest productivity up to 20.7 g m(-2)d(-1). Chlorella and Scenedesmus were the top two species that have been studied in attached culture system. Cellulose acetate/nitrate membrane, polycarbonate membrane and cotton were the most popular materials used owing to their high hydrophilicity and wide availability. Flow rate, nutrients, light, CO2 and other factors could affect the attached microalgae productivity and the physicochemical property in a way different from the suspended microalgae, which were described in detail in this review. At last, some technical bottlenecks and the corresponding solvents in the attached microalgae were suggested.