标题：Achieving superior electromagnetic wave absorbers through the novel metal-organic frameworks derived magnetic porous carbon nanorods
作者：Wu, Nannan; Xu, Dongmei; Wang, Zhou; Wang, Fenglong; Liu, Jiurong; Liu, Wei; Shao, Qian; Liu, Hu; Gao, Qiang; Guo, Zhanhu
作者机构：[Wu, Nannan; Xu, Dongmei; Wang, Zhou; Wang, Fenglong; Liu, Jiurong] Shandong Univ, Key Lab Liquid Solid Struct Evolut & Proc Mat, Minist Educ, Jinan 2 更多
通讯作者：Liu, Jiurong;Liu, JR;Liu, JR
通讯作者地址：[Liu, JR]Shandong Univ, Key Lab Liquid Solid Struct Evolut & Proc Mat, Minist Educ, Jinan 250061, Shandong, Peoples R China;[Liu, JR]Shandong Univ, Sc 更多
摘要：High absorption capacity and broad absorption bandwidth electromagnetic wave (EMW) absorption materials (namely, EMW absorbers) are highly desirable due to the interference with electronics and harms on human beings' health. In search for rational design on nanostructured absorbers, we have synthesized and demonstrated the rod-shape composites with Fe-containing magnetic nanoparticles (Fe3O4, Fe3C and Fe NPs) embedded into nano-porous carbon (NPC) through pyrolysis of Fe-based metal-organic frameworks (MOFs). The morphologies, compositions, and graphitization degree of the Fe-MOFs derived magnetic NPC nanorods can be effectively controlled via adjusting the pyrolysis temperatures. The graphitization level has a significant influence on the permittivity of the composites upon variation of pyrolysis temperatures, thereby a tunable electromagnetic wave (EMW) absorption is observed. Consequently, the resulting magnetic NPC nanorods obtained at pyrolysis temperature of 600 and 700 degrees C exhibit the most remarkable EMW absorption performance with a strong reflection loss of -52.9 dB and broad effective bandwidth (f(e)) of 4.64 GHz at 3.07 mm. With a thickness of 3.5 mm, the f(e) for the magnetic NPC nanorods at 600 degrees C covers the whole X-band from 7.92 to 12.48 GHz. The noticeable EMW absorption performances have been greatly enhanced compared to those reported Fe3O4 based absorbers, owing to the synergy of multiple components and the porous structures inherited from MOFs. (c) 2019 Published by Elsevier Ltd.