标题：A clinical study of choledochoscopic holmium laser lithotripsy for multiple intrahepatic calculi within ERAS programs
作者：Wang C.; Lv S.; Wang A.; Zhang F.; Wang B.; Xu Y.; Zhu Y.; Fang Z.
作者机构：[Wang, C] Department of Hepatobiliary SurgeryEnze HospitalWenzhou Medical University1 Tongyang RoadLuqiao 318000China, Department of Hepatobiliary Sur 更多
来源：Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
关键词：Choledocholithotomy; Choledochoscopy; ERAS programs; Holmium laser; Intrahepatic calculi
摘要：Objectives: Multiple intrahepatic calculi, especially calculi in both sides of the liver, cannot be completely resolved by traditional surgery. In addition, morbidity after liver resection remains high. ERAS programs have been suggested that could relieve surgical stress and accelerate postoperative recovery. This study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of choledocholithotomy combined with holmium laser lithotripsy in the treatment of multiple intrahepatic calculi within ERAS programs. Methods: In all, 109 patients with multiple intrahepatic calculi were enrolled between January 2012 and September 2016, 42 of whom received choledocholithotomy combined with holmium laser lithotripsy. The remaining 67 patients underwent choledocholithotomy combined with choledochoscopic mechanical lithotripsy. Perioperative outcomes were compared and analyzed. Results: Patient characteristics and preoperative details were similar between the groups (P>0.05). The implementation of holmium laser lithotripsy could reduce the calculi residual rate (7.1% vs. 22.4%, P=0.037), and even the liver resection rate (16.7% vs. 35.8%, P=0.031). Additionally, holmium laser lithotripsy did not result in a higher morbidity (11.9% vs. 16.4%, P=0.517), readmission rate (0% vs. 6%, P=0.158), hospital stay (P=0.189), hospital cost (P=0.998), transfusion rate (P=0.576), or operative time (P=0.638). Conclusions: Holmium laser lithotripsy is feasible and efficient for treating multiple intrahepatic calculi within ERAS programs, which could reduce the liver resection rate and render refractory hepatic calculi easy to eliminate. In addition, holmium laser lithotripsy could be well coupled to the ERAS program to relieve surgical stress and accelerate postoperative recovery. © 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.