标题：Analysis of risk management performance with innovative approach: a case study of China’s shipping companies
作者：Yin H.; Chen Z.; Xiao Y.; Wang S.
作者机构：[Yin, H] School of Finance and Trade, Wenzhou Business College, Wenzhou, China;[ Chen, Z] School of Global Innovation and Entrepreneurship, Shandong U 更多
通讯作者地址：[Chen, Z] School of Global Innovation and Entrepreneurship, Shandong UniversityChina;
来源：Maritime Policy and Management
关键词：belt and Road Initiative; innovative Risk Management strategies; integrated risks; ownership reform; Small and Medium Shipping Company
摘要：In implementing the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) and mixed ownership reform, China has merged its state-owned shipping companies, reorganized, and rapidly integrated them into the state shipping projects of the BRI. The economies of scale, industrial integration have led to reducing orders and declining profits of more small and medium-sized shipping companies (SMSCs), enabling large enterprises to gain ‘pricing power’ in the shipping market, transforming the shipping industry into a ‘perfect monopoly market’. This has caused the liquidation of fixed assets and large-scale unemployment. This study aims to find innovative strategies by identifying and countering risk factors to maintain a certain market share of SMSCs. Using correlation analysis, this study ranks market, operational, financial and hazard risks by sub-factors. It rejects the hypothesis that market strategies will mediate the relationship between risk and performance. It accepts the hypothesis of operational, financial and hazard strategies mediating the relationship between risk and performance through three-step regression analysis. This study suggests that SMSCs can reduce integrated risks by strengthening flexibility and single organizational structure, and circumventing the state cultural risks of BRI. It also helps SMSCs identify potential risks and management needs to pursue sustainability. © 2020, © 2020 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.