标题：Iron regulatory protein 2 is required for artemether -mediated anti-hepatic fibrosis through ferroptosis pathway
作者：Li Y.; Jin C.; Shen M.; Wang Z.; Tan S.; Chen A.; Wang S.; Shao J.;等 更多 作者机构：[Li, Y] Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Pharmacology and Safety Evaluation of Chinese Materia Medica, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, Chin 更多
通讯作者地址：[Zheng, S] Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, 138 Xianlin Avenue, China;
来源：Free Radical Biology and Medicine
关键词：ART; Ferroptosis; Iron; IRP2; Liver fibrosis; ROS
摘要：Background: Currently, the existing treatments have not cured the liver fibrosis thoroughly. Ferroptosis is a newly discovered way of cell death, which is closely related to many diseases. Previous studies have shown that ferroptosis plays an important role in the occurrence and development of liver fibrosis, but the further mechanism remains to be discovered. Methods: LX-2 cells were used as the research object, fibrosis activation index was detected by Western blot, PCR and Immunofluorescence, ferroptosis was detected by kits, the binding and interaction between IRP2 (iron regulatory protein 2) and STUB1 (STIP1 homology and U-box containing protein 1) were detected by Immunoprecipitation and ubiquitin test, and IRP2 knockdown mice were constructed by interfering plasmid to verify the results of in vitro experiment. Result: Our research showed that ART (artemether) had a good anti-fibrosis effect in vivo and in vitro, and ferroptosis played an important role in this process. Further studies have found that ART could lead to the accumulation of IRP 2 a in hepatic stellate cell by inhibiting the ubiquitination of it, thus inducing the increase of iron in HSC (hepatic stellate cell), which could product a large number of ROS (reactive oxide species), resulting the occurrence of ferroptosis in cells. Our findings provided an experimental basis for ART to become a drug for the treatment of liver fibrosis. Conclusion: Our results show that IRP2-Iron-ROS axis is necessary for ART to induce ferroptosis in HSC and play an anti-fibrotic effect. © 2020 Elsevier Inc.