标题:The removal of lead ions from aqueous solution by using magnetic hydroxypropyl chitosan/oxidized multiwalled carbon nanotubes composites
作者:Wang, Yaoguang;Shi, Li;Gao, Liang;Wei, Qin;Cui, Limei;Hu, Lihua;Yan, Liangguo;Du, Bin
作者机构:Univ Jinan, Sch Chem & Chem Engn, Key Lab Chem Sensing & Anal Univ Shandong, Jinan 250022, Peoples R China;Univ Jinan, S
来源:Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
出版年:2015
页码:7-14
关键词:Lead ions adsorption;Hydroxypropyl chitosan;Oxidized multiwalled carbon nanotubes
摘要:Magnetic hydroxypropyl chitosan/oxidized multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MHC/OMCNTs) composite were fabricated and applied as the adsorbent to study the adsorption characteristic of lead ions in aqueous solution. The results of Fourier transform infrared spectrum (FTIR), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) showed that the MHC/OMCNTs composites were synthesize successfully. The effects of the solution pH and the contact time were investigated, indicating that that the optimal pH and contact time were pH 5.0 and 120 min, respectively. The removal of lead ions was rather quick and the kinetic adsorption can be well described by pseudo-second-order model. The experimental results showed that the Sips model is more suitable than Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin-Radushkevich models. Furthermore, the parameters of the adsorption thermodynamic calculated in this research such as free energy (Delta G, -2.304 to -5.078 kJ mol(-1)), enthalpy (Delta H, 39.03 kJ mol(-1)) and entropy (Delta S, 138.7J mol(-1) K-1) indicated that the adsorption process was endothermic and spontaneous Therefore, the results in this research suggest that the MHC/OMCNTs composites are ideal adsorbent for the removal of lead ions in aqueous solution. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved
资源类型:期刊论文
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