标题：Analysis of CO2 emission in traffic flow and numerical tests
作者机构：[Zhu, WX]Shandong Univ, Sch Control Sci & Engn, Jinan 250061, Peoples R China.
通讯作者地址：[Zhu, WX]Shandong Univ, Sch Control Sci & Engn, Jinan 250061, Peoples R China.
来源：PHYSICA A-STATISTICAL MECHANICS AND ITS APPLICATIONS
关键词：CO2 emission; Car-following model; Environmental protection
摘要：We investigated the carbon dioxide emission rate in traffic flow analytically and numerically. The emission model was derived based on Bando's optimal velocity model with a consideration of slope. Simulations were conducted to examine the relationship between the CO2 emission rate of vehicles and slope of road, traffic density, and road length. Analysis of the results shows that some original laws of CO2 emission in traffic flow with congestion were exhibited. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.