标题：Extraction behaviour and mechanism of Pt(IV) and Pd(II) by liquid-liquid extraction with an ionic liquid [HBBIm]Br
作者：Liu, Wenhui; Wang, Qi; Zheng, Yan; Wang, Shubin; Yan, Yan; Yang, Yanzhao
作者机构：[Liu, Wenhui; Wang, Qi; Zheng, Yan; Wang, Shubin; Yan, Yan; Yang, Yanzhao] Shandong Univ, Sch Chem & Chem Engn, Key Lab Special Funct Aggregate Mat, E 更多
通讯作者地址：[Yang, YZ]Shandong Univ, Sch Chem & Chem Engn, Key Lab Special Funct Aggregate Mat, Educ Minist, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China.
摘要：In this study, a method of one-step separation and recycling of high purity Pd(II) and Pt(IV) using an ionic liquid, 1-butyl-3-benzimidazolium bromate ([HBBIm] Br), was investigated. The effects of [HBBIm] Br concentration, initial metal concentration, and loading capacity of [HBBIm] Br were examined in detail. It was observed that [HBBIm] Br was a very effective extractant for selectively extracting Pd(II) and precipitating Pt(IV). Through selectively extracting Pd(II) and precipitating Pt(IV), each metal with high purity was separately obtained from mixed Pd(II) and Pt(IV) multi-metal solution. The method of one-step separation of Pd(II) and Pt(IV) is simple and convenient. The anion exchange mechanism between [HBBIm] Br and Pt(IV) was proven through Job's method and FTIR and H-1 NMR spectroscopies. The coordination mechanism between [HBBIm] Br and Pd(II) was demonstrated via single X-ray diffraction and was found to be robust and distinct, as supported by the ab initio quantum-chemical studies. The crystals of the [PdBr2 center dot 2BBIm] complex were formed first. Moreover, the influence of the concentrations of hydrochloric acid, sodium chloride, and sodium nitrate on the precipitation of Pt(IV) and extraction of Pd(II) was studied herein. It was found that only the concentration of H+ could inhibit the separation of Pt(IV) because H+ could attract the anion PtCl62-; thus, the exchange (anion exchange mechanism) between the anions PtCl62- and Br-was prevented. However, both the concentration of H+ and Cl-can obviously inhibit the extraction of Pd(II) because H+ and Cl-are the reaction products and increasing their concentration can inhibit the progress of the reaction (coordination mechanism).