标题：A dynamic parameter identification method of industrial robots considering joint elasticity
作者：Ni, Hepeng; Zhang, Chengrui; Hu, Tianliang; Wang, Teng; Chen, Qizhi; Chen, Chao
作者机构：[Ni, Hepeng; Zhang, Chengrui; Hu, Tianliang; Wang, Teng; Chen, Qizhi; Chen, Chao] Shandong Univ, Sch Mech Engn, Jinan 250061, Shandong, Peoples R Chin 更多
通讯作者：Zhang, Chengrui;Zhang, CR
通讯作者地址：[Zhang, CR]Shandong Univ, Sch Mech Engn, Jinan 250061, Shandong, Peoples R China.
来源：INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ADVANCED ROBOTIC SYSTEMS
关键词：Dynamic parameter identification; elastic joint dynamic model; separated; identification strategy; approximate processing algorithm; least squares
摘要：Considering the joint elasticity, a novel dynamic parameter identification method is proposed for general industrial robots only with motor encoders. Firstly, the unknown parameters of the elastic joint dynamic model are analyzed and divided into two types. The first type is the motion-independent parameter only including the joint stiffness, which can be identified by the static force/torque-deformation experiments without the dynamic model. The second type is the motion-dependent parameter composed of the rest of the parameters, which needs the dynamic excitation experiments. Therefore, these two types of parameters can be identified separately. Meanwhile, it is found that the rotor inertia parameters can be obtained from the manufacturer, which reduces the identification difficulty of other parameters. After obtaining the rotor inertia and joint stiffness, an approximate processing algorithm is proposed considering the motor friction to establish the linear identification model of other parameters. Hence, the least squares can be employed to identify the parameters, and the independence of the inertia and joint viscous friction parameters are not affected. Meanwhile, the exciting trajectories can be optimized throughout the robot workspace, which reduces the effect of measurement noise on identification accuracy. With the proposed separated identification strategy and approximate processing algorithm, the dynamic parameters can be obtained precisely without double encoders on each joint. Finally, a series of simulations are conducted to evaluate the good performance of the proposed method.