标题：Numerical study on optimization of ejector primary nozzle geometries [Étude numérique sur l'optimisation des géométries de la tuyère primaire d'un éjecteur]
作者：Wang L.; Yan J.; Wang C.; Li X.
作者机构：[Wang, L] School of Control Science and Engineering, Shandong University, Shandong, 250061, China;[ Yan, J] School of Civil Engineering and Architectu 更多
通讯作者地址：[Yan, J] School of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Southwest University of Science and TechnologyChina;
来源：International Journal of Refrigeration
关键词：Ejector; Entrainment ratio; Numerical study; Primary flow rate; Primary nozzle; Surface roughness
摘要：In an ejector refrigeration system (ERS), ejector acts as a compressor but without using any moving parts. To some extent, ejector performances are subjected to primary nozzle's geometries with the action of shock waves. In this paper, CFD simulation was conducted to improve the ejector performance by varying the following ejector primary nozzle's geometries and surface roughness: two angles of convergent and divergent portion, three lengths and surface roughness of throat, convergent and divergent portion. The CFD model was validated with the test results of an ERS experimental rig with working fluid of R134a. The optimum geometric parameters and surface roughness of the primary nozzle were obtained with the CFD analysis. The simulation results revealed that the throat and divergent portion of the primary nozzle should be paid more attention when designing ejector since the entrainment ratio of the ejector is rather sensitive to the length and surface roughness of these two portions. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd and IIR