标题：In situ investigations into mining-induced overburden failures in close multiple-seam longwall mining: A case study
作者：Ning, Jianguo; Wang, Jun; Tan, Yunliang; Zhang, Lisheng; Bu, Tengteng
作者机构：[Ning, Jianguo; Wang, Jun; Tan, Yunliang; Bu, Tengteng] Shandong Univ Sci & Technol, State Key Lab Min Disaster Prevent & Control Cofo, 579 Qianwangan 更多
通讯作者地址：[Wang, J; Tan, YL]Shandong Univ Sci & Technol, State Key Lab Min Disaster Prevent & Control Cofo, 579 Qianwangang Rd, Qingdao, Peoples R China;[Wang, 更多
来源：GEOMECHANICS AND ENGINEERING
关键词：close multiple-seam mining; overburden structure; failure zone; in situ; investigations
摘要：Preventing water seepage and inrush into mines where close multiple-seam longwall mining is practiced is a challenging issue in the coal-rich Ordos region, China. To better protect surface (or ground) water and safely extract coal from seams beneath an aquifer, it is necessary to determine the height of the mining-induced fractured zone in the overburden strata. In situ investigations were carried out in panels 20107 (seam No. 2-2upper) and 20307 (seam No. 2-2(middle)) in the Gaojialiang colliery, Shendong Coalfield, China. Longwall mining-induced strata movement and overburden failure were monitored in boreholes using digital panoramic imaging and a deep hole multi-position extensometer. Our results indicate that after mining of the 20107 working face, the overburden of the failure zone can be divided into seven rock groups. The first group lies above the immediate roof (12.9 m above the top of the coal seam), and falls into the gob after the mining. The strata of the second group to the fifth group form the fractured zone (12.9-102.04 m above the coal seam) and the continuous deformation zone extends from the fifth group to the ground surface. After mining Panel 20307, a gap forms between the fifth rock group and the continuous deformation zone, widening rapidly. Then, the lower portion of the continuous deformation zone cracks and collapses into the fractured zone, extending the height of the failure zone to 87.1 m. Based on field data, a statistical formula for predicting the maximum height of overburden failure induced by close multiple seam mining is presented.