标题：Study of the pH-sensitive mechanism of tumor-targeting liposomes
作者：Fan, Yang; Chen, Cong; Huang, Yiheng; Zhang, Fang; Lin, Guimei
作者机构：[Fan, Yang; Chen, Cong; Huang, Yiheng; Zhang, Fang; Lin, Guimei] Shandong Univ, Sch Pharmaceut Sci, 44 Wenhuaxi Rd, Jinan 250012, Peoples R China.
通讯作者地址：[Lin, GM]Shandong Univ, Sch Pharmaceut Sci, 44 Wenhuaxi Rd, Jinan 250012, Peoples R China.
来源：COLLOIDS AND SURFACES B-BIOINTERFACES
关键词：Drug delivery; Tumor mileu response; pH-sensitive liposome; Phase; transition; Nano-DSC
摘要：Currently, the phosphatidylethanolamine-based, pH-sensitive, liposome drug-delivery system has been widely developed for efficient, targeted cancer therapy. However, the mechanism of pH sensitivity was unclear; it is a main obstacle in controlling the preparation of pH-sensitive liposomes (PSLs). Therefore, our research is aimed at clarifying the pH-response mechanism of the various molecules that compose liposomes. We chose the small pH-sensitive molecules oleic acid (OA), linoleic acid (LA) and cholesteryl hemisuccinate (CHEMS) and the fundamental lipids cholesterol and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) as test molecules. The PSLs were prepared using the thin-film hydration method and characterized in detail at various pH values (pH 5.0, 6.0 and 7.4), including particle size, zeta-potential, drug encapsulation efficiency and drug loading. The surface structure was observed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and the electrical conductivity of the liposome dispersion was also tested. The calorimetric analysis was conducted by Nano-differential scanning calorimetry (Nano-DSC). The in vitro drug release profile showed that PSLs exhibit good pH sensitivity. At neutral pH, the particle size was approximately 150 nm, and it dramatically increased at pH 5.0. The zeta-potential increased as the pH decreased. The Nano-DSC results showed that cholesterol and CHEMS can both increase the stability and phase transfer temperature of PSLs. Conductivity increased to a maximum at pH 5.0 and was rather low at pH 7.4. In conclusion, results show that the three kinds of liposomes have pH responsive release characteristics in acidic pH. The OA-PSLs have a pH sensitive point of 5. Since CHEMS has a cholesterol-like structure, it can stabilizes the phospholipid bilayer under neutral conditions as shown in the Nano-DSC data, and because it has a special steroidal rigid structure, it exhibits better pH response characteristics under acidic conditions. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.