标题：Development of a Self-Administered Questionnaire to Assess the Psychological Competencies for Surviving a Disaster
作者机构：[Feng, D] School of Nursing, Shandong University, Wenhuaxi Road 44, Jinan, Shandong, China;[ Ji, L] School of Psychology, Shandong Normal University, 更多
通讯作者地址：[Feng, DJ]Wenhuaxi Rd 44, Jinan, Shandong, Peoples R China.
来源：Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
关键词：disaster; self-relief; psychological competency; questionnaire
摘要：Objective: To find the psychological competencies for surviving a disaster and develop a self-report questionnaire to assess them.; Methods: Interviews with 16 earthquake survivors and 16 fire fighters followed by qualitative analysis were used to find psychological competencies. Formation of the item pool, a pilot study among 20 college teachers and students, a series of principal component analyses for the data from 345 college students, and a confirmatory factor analysis for the data from 307 participants with various occupations were used to develop the Psychological Competencies for Surviving a Disaster Questionnaire (PCSDQ).; Results: We found 4 psychological competencies: risk perception of a disaster, disaster knowledge and self-relief skills, low fear in a disaster, and sense of control over a disaster. The 24-item PCSDQ assessed these psychological competencies. The Cronbach alpha of PCSDQ subscales ranged from .75 to .87.; Conclusions: The psychological competencies for surviving a disaster were found to be risk perception of a disaster, disaster knowledge and self-relief skills, low fear in a disaster, and sense of control over a disaster. Using the PCSDQ to assess a person's psychological competencies for disaster survival will make it possible to provide that person with an individualized and targeted disaster self-relief education and/or training program.