标题：Effect of pyrolysis and oxidation characteristics on lauric acid and stearic acid dust explosion hazards
作者：Zhang, Gongyan; Zhang, Yansong; Huang, Xingwang; Gao, Wei; Zhang, Xinyan
作者机构：[Zhang, Gongyan; Zhang, Yansong; Huang, Xingwang; Zhang, Xinyan] Shandong Univ Sci & Technol, Sch Min & Safety Engn, Qingdao 266590, Shandong, Peoples 更多
通讯作者：Zhang, Xinyan;Zhang, XY
通讯作者地址：[Zhang, XY]Shandong Univ Sci & Technol, Sch Min & Safety Engn, Qingdao 266590, Shandong, Peoples R China.
来源：JOURNAL OF LOSS PREVENTION IN THE PROCESS INDUSTRIES
关键词：Dust explosion; Thermal pyrolysis oxidation; Apparent activation energy;; Pre-exponential factor; Explosion sensitivity; Explosion severity
摘要：The effect of pyrolysis and oxidation characteristics on the explosion sensitivity and severity parameters, including the minimum ignition energy MIE, minimum ignition temperature MIT, minimum explosion concentration MEC, maximum explosion pressure P-max maximum rate of pressure rise (dP/dt)(max) and deflagration index K-st, of lauric acid and stearic acid dust clouds was experimentally investigated. A synchronous thermal analyser was used to test the particle thermal characteristics. The functional test apparatuses including the 1.2 L Hartmann-tube apparatus, modified Godbert-Greenwald furnace, and 20 L explosion apparatus were used to test the explosion parameters. The results indicated that the rapid and slow weight loss processes of lauric acid dust followed a one-dimensional diffusion model (Dl model) and a 1.5 order chemical reaction model (F1.5 model), respectively. In addition, the rapid and slow weight loss processes of stearic acid followed a 1.5 order chemical reaction model (F1.5 model) and a three-dimensional diffusion model (D3 model), respectively, and the corresponding average apparent activation energy E and pre-exponential factor A were larger than those of lauric acid. The stearic acid dust explosion had higher values of MIE and MIT, which were mainly dependent on the higher pyrolysis and oxidation temperatures and the larger apparent activation energy E determining the slower rate of chemical bond breakage during pyrolysis and oxidation. In contrast, the lauric acid dust explosion had a higher MEC related to a smaller pre-exponential factor A with a lower amount of released reaction heat and a lower heat release rate during pyrolysis and oxidation. Additionally, due to the competition regime of the higher oxidation reaction heat release and greater consumption of oxygen during explosion, the explosion pressure P-m of the stearic acid dust was larger in low concentration ranges and decayed to an even smaller pressure than with lauric acid when the concentration exceeded 500 g/m(3). The rate of explosion pressure rise (dP/dr)(m) of the stearic acid dust was always larger in the experimental concentration range. The stearic acid dust explosion possessed a higher P-max, (dP/dt)(max) and K-st mainly because of a larger pre-exponential factor A related to more active sites participating in the pyrolysis and oxidation reaction. Consequently, the active chemical reaction occurred more violently, and the temperature and overpressure rose faster, indicating a higher explosion hazard class for stearic acid dust.