标题：Positive Association Between Serum Levels of High-Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein and Depression/Anxiety in Female, but Not Male, Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
作者：Yang, Qian-Qian; Shao, Di; Li, Jie; Yang, Chun-Ling; Fan, Min-Hua; Cao, Feng-Lin
作者机构：[Yang, Qian-Qian; Cao, Feng-Lin] Shandong Univ, Sch Nursing, 44 Wenhua Xi Rd, Jinan 250012, Shandong, Peoples R China.; [Shao, Di] Shandong Univ, Sc 更多
通讯作者地址：[Cao, FL]Shandong Univ, Sch Nursing, 44 Wenhua Xi Rd, Jinan 250012, Shandong, Peoples R China.
来源：BIOLOGICAL RESEARCH FOR NURSING
关键词：depression; anxiety; hs-CRP; inflammation; sex specific; Type 2 diabetes; mellitus
摘要：Purpose: Patients with Type 2 diabetes (T2D) have increased risk of depression and anxiety. Evidence suggests that a heightened inflammatory state may contribute to this association. Females experience more depression and higher inflammation levels than males. This study compared associations of serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels with symptoms of depression and anxiety between men and women with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Method: Cross-sectional data including demographic and disease characteristics, symptoms of depression and anxiety, clinical data, and laboratory values were collected from 392 patients with T2DM recruited from a general hospital in Shandong Province, China. We evaluated associations between serum hs-CRP level and symptoms of depression and anxiety in males and females separately using multiple linear regressions and chi(2) tests for trend. Results: Sex moderated the association between serum hs-CRP level and symptoms of depression (B = .112 [SE = 0.049]; p = .022) and anxiety (B = .137 [SE = 0.053]; p = .011). Among females, hs-CRP level was positively associated with depression (B = .034, 95% confidence interval [CI] = [.006, .061]; p = .016, false discovery rate [FDR]-adjusted p = .020) and anxiety (B = .041, 95% CI [.011, .071], p = .007, FDR-adjusted p = .007). Positive trends indicated a higher prevalence of clinically significant symptoms of depression and anxiety in higher serum hs-CRP categories in females. No associations were found in males. Conclusion: Findings demonstrate that associations between serum hs-CRP level and symptoms of depression and anxiety in patients with T2D are sex-specific, with only females demonstrating a significant positive association.