标题：Ultrasonic-assisted pyrolyzation fabrication of reduced SnO2-x/g-C3N4 heterojunctions: Enhance photoelectrochemical and photocatalytic activity under visible LED light irradiation
作者：Li, Kai; Zeng, Xiaoqiao; Gao, Shanmin; Ma, Lu; Wang, Qingyao; Xu, Hui; Wang, Zeyan; Huang, Baibiao; Dai, Ying; Lu, Jun
作者机构：[Li, K] College of Chemistry and Materials Science, Ludong University, Yantai, 264025, China;[ Zeng, X] Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division, Ar 更多
通讯作者地址：[Gao, SM]Ludong Univ, Coll Chem & Mat Sci, Yantai 264025, Peoples R China;[Lu, J]Argonne Natl Lab, Chem Sci & Engn Div, 9700 S Cass Ave, Argonne, IL 6 更多
关键词：reduced SnO2-x;g-C3N4;heterojunctions;photoelectrochemical;light-emitting diode light source
摘要：Novel SnO2-x/g-C3N4 heterojunction nanocomposites composed of reduced SnO2-x nanoparticles and exfoliated g-C3N4 nanosheets were prepared by a convenient one-step pyrolysis method. The structural, morphological, and optical properties of the as-prepared nanocomposites were characterized in detail, indicating that the aggregation of g-C3N4 nanosheets was prevented by small, well-dispersed SnO2-x nanoparticles. The ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy absorption bands of the nanocomposites were shifted to a longer wavelength region than those exhibited by pure SnO2 or g-C3N4. The charge transfer and recombination processes occurring in the nanocomposites were investigated using linear scan voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Under 30-W visible-light-emitting diode irradiation, the heterojunction containing 27.4 wt.% SnO2-x exhibited the highest photocurrent density of 0.0468 mA.cm(-2), which is 33.43 and 5.64 times larger than that of pure SnO2 and g-C3N4, respectively. The photocatalytic activity of the heterojunction material was investigated by degrading rhodamine B under irradiation from the same light source. Kinetic study revealed a promising degradation rate constant of 0.0226 min(-1) for the heterojunction containing 27.4 wt.% SnO2-x, which is 32.28 and 5.79 times higher than that of pure SnO2 and g-C3N4, respectively. The enhanced photoelectrochemical and photocatalytic performances of the nanocomposite may be due to its appropriate SnO2-x content and the compact structure of the junction between the SnO2-x nanoparticles and the g-C3N4 nanosheets, which inhibits the recombination of photogenerated electrons and holes.