标题：Impacts of Low-Carbon Innovation and Its Heterogeneous Components on CO2 Emissions
作者：Yan, Zheming; Yi, Lan; Du, Kerui; Yang, Zhiming
作者机构：[Yan, Zheming; Yi, Lan] Shaanxi Normal Univ, Int Business Sch, Xian 710119, Peoples R China.; [Yan, Zheming] Xi An Jiao Tong Univ, Sch Finance & Eco 更多
通讯作者地址：[Du, KR]Shandong Univ, Ctr Econ Res, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China.
关键词：low carbon technologies; clean innovation; gray innovation; patent; statistics; CO2 emissions
摘要：This paper aims to investigate the impact of low-carbon innovation on CO2 emissions. Using patent statistics, we measured low-carbon innovations for 15 major economies during the period of 1992-2012. Then, we classified low-carbon technology into clean and gray technology according to the patent classification system. Following the empirical Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) framework, we explored the effects of low-carbon innovation and its components on CO2 emissions. We did not find any evidence of significant influence of low-carbon innovation. Through further estimations, a significantly negative effect of clean innovation was found while the effect of gray innovation is not clear. Heterogeneous impacts within low-carbon technology provide an explanation for the insignificant impact of low-carbon innovation.