标题：Finger Vein Recognition With Anatomy Structure Analysis
作者：Yang, Lu; Yang, Gongping; Yin, Yilong; Xi, Xiaoming
作者机构：[Yang, Lu; Yang, Gongping; Yin, Yilong] Shandong Univ, Sch Comp Sci & Technol, Jinan 250101, Shandong, Peoples R China.; [Xi, Xiaoming] Shandong Uni 更多
通讯作者地址：[Yang, GP]Shandong Univ, Sch Comp Sci & Technol, Jinan 250101, Shandong, Peoples R China.
来源：IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS FOR VIDEO TECHNOLOGY
关键词：Finger vein recognition; anatomy structure analysis; vein backbone and; network; orientation map; elastic matching
摘要：Finger vein recognition has received a lot of attention recently and is viewed as a promising biometric trait. In related methods, vein pattern-based methods explore intrinsic finger vein recognition, but their performance remains unsatisfactory owing to defective vein networks and weak matching. One important reason may be the neglect of deep analysis of the vein anatomy structure. By comprehensively exploring the anatomy structure and imaging characteristic of vein patterns, this paper proposes a novel finger vein recognition framework, including an anatomy structure analysis-based vein extraction algorithm and an integration matching strategy. Specifically, the vein pattern is extracted from the orientation map-guided curvature based on the valley-or half valley-shaped cross-sectional profile. In addition, the extracted vein pattern is further thinned and refined to obtain a reliable vein network. In addition to the vein network, the relatively clear vein branches in the image are mined from the vein pattern, referred to as the vein backbone. In matching, the vein backbone is used in vein network calibration to overcome finger displacements. The similarity of two calibrated vein networks is measured by the proposed elastic matching and further recomputed by integrating the overlap degree of corresponding vein backbones. Extensive experiments on two public finger vein databases verify the effectiveness of the proposed framework.