标题：Advanced lignin-acrylamide water treatment agent by pulp and paper industrial sludge： Synthesis, properties and application
作者：Hongyan Rong Baoyu Gao Yanxia Zhao Shenglei Sun Zhonglian Yang Yan Wang Qinyan Yue Qian Li
作者机构：[Hongyan Rong Baoyu Gao Yanxia Zhao Shenglei Sun Zhonglian Yang Yan Wang Qinyan Yue Qian Li]Shandong Key Laboratory of Water Pollution Control and Res 更多
通讯作者地址：[Gao, BY]Shandong Univ, Sch Environm Sci & Engn, Shandong Key Lab Water Pollut Control & Resource, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China.
摘要：A novel flocculant LA(lignin-acrylamide polymer), which was used as aid for aluminum sulfate and polyaluminum chloride in this study, was prepared by grafting acrylamide onto lignin that deriving from pulp and papermaking sludge. Physicochemical properties of LA were measured by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The experimental outcome indicated acrylamide was grafted onto the lignin backbone successfully. The efects of LA addition were evaluated on coagulation performance and floc characteristics as a function of aluminum(Al) dosage, such as floc size, growth rate, strength and recoverability. Efects of diferent dosing sequences, Al dosed first and LA dosed first, were also investigated. LA used as coagulant aid markedly enhanced the removal efciency of turbidity and dissolved organic carbon, especially at low Al dosages. The dissolved organic carbon removal efciencies of aluminum sulfate and polyaluminum chloride at the Al dosage range selected in this study were improved more than 30% and 5% by LA, respectively. LA dramatically enlarged floc size and it was in the order: Al dosed first > LA dosed first > Al. Floc strength and recoverability were also improved by LA. LA played a significant role in charge neutralization, adsorption and bridging in floc formation.