标题：Experimental research of the cross walls effect on the thermal performance of wet cooling towers under crosswind conditions
作者：Youliang Chen;Fengzhong Sun;Hongguo Wang;Nasi Mu;Ming Gao
作者机构：School of Energy and Power Engineering, Shandong University;School of Energy and Power Engineering, Shandong University;Huaneng
来源：Applied thermal engineering: Design, processes, equipment, economics
关键词：Natural draft;Wet;Cooling tower;Thermal performance;Crosswind velocity;Cross wall
摘要：This paper describes a hot model test of natural draft wet cooling towers (NDWCTs) to investigate the effect of cross walls on the thermal performance of NDWCTs under crosswind conditions. The hot model test can simulate the actual operation of a prototype tower by operating a model tower at steady state conditions while varying the temperature and flow rate of the incoming hot water along with the crosswind velocity. Cross walls of two shapes at different setting angles were installed in the rain zone and tested under various operating conditions. The results show that crosswinds degrade the NDWCT performance below a critical crosswind velocity V_(cr), but improve the performance above V_(cr). Increasing water flow rate and inlet water temperature can raise V_(cr). Installing cross walls can improve the NDWCT performance. At low crosswind velocities, the solid wall leads to better NDWCT performance than the porous wall. However, the opposite effect is obtained at high crosswind velocities. At all crosswind velocities, the cross wall at a setting angle of 0° results in higher performance than that at 45°, regardless of cross wall shapes. Moreover, the cross wall at 45° degrades the NDWCT performance under high crosswind conditions.