标题：Poly (ADP-ribose) transferase/polymerase-1-deficient mice resistant to age-dependent decrease in β-cell proliferation.
作者：Gong L.; Liu F.Q.; Wang Y.; Hou X.G.; Zhang W.; Qin W.D.; Zhang Y.; Chen L.;等
作者机构：[Gong, L] Department of Endocrinology, Shandong University, Qilu Hospital, Jinan, Shandong, People's Republic of China.
来源：Molecular medicine (Cambridge, Mass.)
摘要：Basal and adaptive β-cell regeneration capacity declines with old age, but the underlying molecular mechanisms remain incompletely understood. Poly (adenosine diphosphate [ADP]-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP-1) is considered a multifunctional enzyme and transcription factor that regulates pancreatic β-cell death, regeneration and insulin secretion. We analyzed the capacity of β-cell regeneration in 2-month-old (young) and 12-month-old (old) wild-type (WT) and PARP-1-/- mice before and after low-dose streptozotocin (STZ), a stimulus of β-cell regeneration and the underlying mechanism. Before STZ administration, young WT and PARP-1-/- mice showed similar β-cell proliferation. By contrast, old WT but not old PARP-1-/- mice showed severely restricted β-cell proliferation. In further assessment of the adaptive β-cell regeneration capacity with age, we observed that with a single low dose of STZ, young WT and PARP-1-/- mice showed a similar increase in β-cell proliferation, with few changes in old WT mice. Surprisingly, adaptive β-cell proliferation capacity was significantly higher in old PARP-1-/- mice than old WT mice after STZ administration. The ability of β-cell mass to expand was associated with increased levels of the regenerating (Reg) genes RegI and RegII but not RegIV. Therefore, PARP-1 is a key regulator in β-cell regeneration with advancing age in mice.