标题：Upper airway asymmetry in skeletal Class III malocclusions with mandibular deviation
作者：Zheng, De-Hua; Wang, Xu-Xia; Ma, Dan; Zhou, Yuan; Zhang, Jun
作者机构：[Zheng, De-Hua; Ma, Dan; Zhou, Yuan; Zhang, Jun] Shandong Univ, Sch Dent, Dept Orthodont, Jinan, Shandong, Peoples R China.; [Wang, Xu-Xia] Shandong 更多
通讯作者地址：[Zhang, J]Shandong Univ, Sch Dent, Dept Orthodont, Jinan, Shandong, Peoples R China.
摘要：The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between bilateral differences of upper airway and mandibular morphologic patterns in subjects with skeletal Class III mandibular deviation. 47 skeletal Class III (ANB < 0 degrees) adult patients with and without mandibular deviation were divided into 2 groups. Bilateral differences of minimum cross-sectional area, mean cross-sectional area, volume of subdivisions (nasopharynx, palatopharynx, glossopharynx, hypopharynx) were assessed paired t test. Stepwise linear regression analysis and Pearson correlation coefficients were computed between a significant pair of upper airway variables and a pair of mandibular deviation variables to examine the quantitative relationship between the upper airway asymmetry and mandibular deviation. The mean cross-sectional area and the volume of palatopharynx on the deviated side in mandibular deviated group was significantly smaller than non-deviated side. The asymmetry index of the palatopharyngeal volume showed significant correlations with CRA asymmetry (r = 0.49) and Ramus asymmetry (r = 0.54). However, in the glossopharyngeal and hypopharyngeal segment, the mandibular deviated group showed significant asymmetry, characterized by larger mean cross-sectional area and volume in deviated side. The asymmetry index of the glossopharyngeal volume and hypopharyngeal volume showed significant correlations with CRA asymmetry (r = 0.42), Me-s (r = 0.72) and Me-s (r = 0.67) respectively.