标题：Preparation of Monoclonal Antibody for Melamine and Development of an Indirect Competitive ELISA for Melamine Detection in Raw Milk, Milk Powder, and Animal Feeds
作者：Weiwei Yin;Jinting Liu;Taichang Zhang
作者机构：[Yin, W] School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong 250100, China;[ Liu, J] School of Chemistry and Chemical E 更多
通讯作者地址：[Meng, M]Nankai Univ, Coll Pharm, Tianjin 300071, Peoples R China.
来源：Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
关键词：Melamine;drug residue;monoclonal antibody;ELISA
摘要：Melamine (MEL) has been involved in several food recalls after the discovery of severe kidney damages in children and pets poisoned by melamine-adulterated food. To detect MEL residue in foods and animal feeds, an indirect competitive ELISA (cELISA) method was developed in this study based on preparation of monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) to MEL. The immunogen was prepared by linking MEL hapten with carrier protein via carbodiimide method. The method is applicable in the range of 5.0-135.0 μg L~(-1) MEL in buffer solution, with an IC_(50) value of 22.6 ± 1.9 μg L~(-1). The MAbs showed high specificity with low cross-reactivity (<1%) toward cyanurate, ammelide, and ammeline. The method was utilized in the detection of MEL in raw milk, milk powder, and animal feeds, with detection limits of 0.1 mg L~(-1)for milk, 0.2 mg kg~(-1) for milk powder, and 0.5 mg L~(-1) for feeds. The recovery ratio was 79-110% for all matrices. The intra-assay and interassay coefficients of variation were <12.0 and <13.0%, respectively. Finally, the application of the cELISA in quantity evaluation of MEL in various feeds from local markets was evaluated and discussed.