标题：Structural engineering of transition metal-based nanostructured electrocatalysts for efficient water splitting
作者：Wang, Yueqing; Zhang, Jintao
作者机构：[Wang, Yueqing; Zhang, Jintao] Shandong Univ, Sch Chem & Chem Engn, Minist Educ, Key Lab Colloid & Interface Chem, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples R C 更多
通讯作者：Zhang, JT;Zhang, Jintao
通讯作者地址：[Zhang, JT]Shandong Univ, Sch Chem & Chem Engn, Minist Educ, Key Lab Colloid & Interface Chem, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples R China.
来源：FRONTIERS OF CHEMICAL SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
关键词：water splitting; structure engineering; metal organic framework; ion; exchange; synergistic effect; hybrid structure; conductive supports
摘要：Water splitting is a highly promising approach for the generation of sustainable, clean hydrogen energy. Tremendous efforts have been devoted to exploring highly efficient and abundant metal oxide electrocatalysts for oxygen evolution and hydrogen evolution reactions to lower the energy consumption in water splitting. In this review, we summarize the recent advances on the development of metal oxide electrocatalysts with special emphasis on the structural engineering of nanostructures from particle size, composition, crystalline facet, hybrid structure as well as the conductive supports. The special strategies relay on the transformation from the metal organic framework and ion exchange reactions for the preparation of novel metal oxide nanostructures with boosting the catalytic activities are also discussed. The fascinating methods would pave the way for rational design of advanced electrocatalysts for efficient water splitting.