标题：The association between internet addiction and psychiatric co-morbidity: a meta-analysis
作者：Ho, Roger C.; Zhang, Melvyn W. B.; Tsang, Tammy Y.; Toh, Anastasia H.; Pan, Fang; Lu, Yanxia; Cheng, Cecilia; Yip, Paul S.; Lam, Lawre 更多 作者机构：[Ho, Roger C.; Zhang, Melvyn W. B.; Tsang, Tammy Y.; Toh, Anastasia H.; Lu, Yanxia] Natl Univ Singapore, Yong Loo Lin Sch Med, Dept Psychol Med, Singa 更多
通讯作者地址：[Mak, KK]Univ Hong Kong, Fac Med, Dept Community Med, 21 Sassoon Rd, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Peoples R China.
关键词：Internet addiction; Depression; Anxiety; Alcohol abuse; Attention; deficit; Hyperactivity
摘要：Background: This study evaluates the association between Internal Addiction (IA) and psychiatric co-morbidity in the literature.; Methods: Meta-analyses were conducted on cross-sectional, case-control and cohort studies which examined the relationship between IA and psychiatric co-morbidity. Selected studies were extracted from major online databases. The inclusion criteria are as follows: 1) studies conducted on human subjects; 2) IA and psychiatric co-morbidity were assessed by standardised questionnaires; and 3) availability of adequate information to calculate the effect size. Random-effects models were used to calculate the aggregate prevalence and the pooled odds ratios (OR).; Results: Eight studies comprising 1641 patients suffering from IA and 11210 controls were included. Our analyses demonstrated a significant and positive association between IA and alcohol abuse (OR = 3.05, 95% CI = 2.14-4.37, z = 6.12, P < 0.001), attention deficit and hyperactivity (OR = 2.85, 95% CI = 2.15-3.77, z = 7.27, P < 0.001), depression (OR = 2.77, 95% CI = 2.04-3.75, z = 6.55, P < 0.001) and anxiety (OR = 2.70, 95% CI = 1.46-4.97, z = 3.18, P = 0.001).; Conclusions: IA is significantly associated with alcohol abuse, attention deficit and hyperactivity, depression and anxiety.