标题：Enhanced electron separation on in-plane benzene-ring doped g-C3N4 nanosheets for visible light photocatalytic hydrogen evolution
作者：Liu, Jian; Yu, Yu; Qi, Ruilian; Cao, Changyan; Liu, Xiaoyan; Zheng, Yujun; Song, Weiguo
作者机构：[Liu, Jian; Qi, Ruilian; Cao, Changyan; Song, Weiguo] Chinese Acad Sci, CAS Res Educ Ctr Excellence Mol Sci, Lab Mol Nanostruct & Nanotechnol, Beijing 更多
通讯作者：Cao, CY;Song, WG
通讯作者地址：[Cao, CY; Song, WG]Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Chem, Lab Mol Nanostruct & Nanotechnol, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China.
来源：APPLIED CATALYSIS B-ENVIRONMENTAL
关键词：g-C3N4; In-plane; Benzene-ring doping; Hydrogen evolution;; Photocatalysis
摘要：Solar-to-chemical energy conversion by photocatalytic hydrogen evolution (PHE) is critical for reduction of the pollution and storage of clean energy. To improve the solar conversion efficiency, it is highly imperative to accelerate the photocarrier separation and transportation through materials design. Herein, we describe a highly effective PHE catalyst based on in-plane benzene-ring doped g-C3N4 nanosheets heterostructure through the thermal co-polymerization of urea and 4, 4'-sulfonyldiphenol (BPS) followed by a controlled heat-etching step. The solid-state C-13 NMR confirms the existence of benzene-ring structure in g-C3N4 nanosheets. Experimental results and theoretical calculations show that the energy and electronic structure of the catalyst are optimally regulated, inducing increased light absorption and effectively accelerated separation of the photo-driven charge carriers. It exhibits enhanced photocatalytic hydrogen evolution efficiency with a PHE rate of 12.3 mmol h(-1) g(-1) (almost 12 times higher than that of pure g-C3N4 nanosheets) and the quantum efficiency of 17.7% at 420 nm.