标题：A Survey of Aesthetic Standards of the Ear
作者：Lei L.; Shichun Z.; Zhenzhong L.; Qiangwei W.; Fangfang H.; Zhensheng H.; Bo P.
作者机构：[Lei, L] Department of Burns and Plastic Surgery;[ Shichun, Z] Department of Pediatrics, Second Hospital of Shandong University;[ Zhenzhong, L] Depart 更多
来源：The Journal of craniofacial surgery
摘要：BACKGROUND: The aesthetic standards of the ear are very important for evaluation of auricular surgery. Few studies have previously assessed ear aesthetics, especially in China. This study aimed to investigate aesthetic standards of the ear in a Chinese population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire was administered to Chinese individuals, which included assessment of the general impressions of the ear and other facial aesthetic units, the individual aesthetic subunits of the ear, the effects of different ear subunits on ear symmetry and the degree of the subunits to which the participants wanted to change. Answers were recorded on a five-point Likert-style scale. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS ver. 17.0. RESULTS: A total of 319 responses were received, 50.3% women and 49.7% men. The external ear received the lowest degree of attention either on the front or on the lateral view of the face in both genders. Among the individual aesthetic units, the earlobe received the most attention and the fine structures the lowest. The helix had the greatest effect on the ear symmetry. The structure that participants most wanted to change was the earlobe in males and the helix in females. There were significant differences on the evaluation of the helix and crus of helix among the groups divided according to educational background (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The results showed that the structures that people were most concerned about were the helix and earlobe. There were gender differences in the results which were also influenced by education background.