标题：Enhanced peroxidase-like properties of Au@Pt DNs/NG/Cu2+and application of sandwich-type electrochemical immunosensor for highly sensitive detection of CEA
作者：Lv, Hui ;Li, Yueyun ;Zhang, Xiaobo ;Gao, Zengqiang ;Zhang, Chunyan ;Zhang, Shuan ;Dong, Yunhui
作者机构：[Lv, Hui ;Li, Yueyun ;Zhang, Xiaobo ;Gao, Zengqiang ;Zhang, Chunyan ;Zhang, Shuan ;Dong, Yunhui ] School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shando 更多
来源：Biosensors and Bioelectronics
摘要：Effective treatment of cancer depends upon the early detection of the tumor marker. Here, we report on the development of a new immunosensor for early detection of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA). Cubic Au@Pt dendritic nanomaterials functionalized nitrogen-doped graphene loaded with copper ion (Au@Pt DNs/NG/Cu2+) with enhanced peroxidase-like properties was synthesized as labels to effectively capture and immobilize secondary anti-CEA. The Au@Pt DNs with more active surface area could efficiently enhance electrocatalysis for reduction of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Meanwhile, with good conductivity and large specific surface area, NG can immobilize a large amount of Au@Pt DNs. Furthermore, after adsorbed Cu2+can further promote the redox of H2O2and amplify the signal of the immunosensor. For the immobilization of primary antibodies, Au nanoparticles functionalized polydopamine (Au@PDA) were used as transducing materials to modify glassy carbon electrodes and enhance the electron transfer efficiently. Under optimal conditions, the immunosensor exhibited a satisfactory response to CEA with a limit detection of 0.167 pg/mL and linear detection range from 0.5 pg/mL to 50 ng/mL. Based on the high sensitivity and specificity of the immunosensor, we propose this multiple amplified biosensor for early detection of CEA.
© 2018 Elsevier B.V.