标题：A smartphone-based ratiometric resonance light scattering device for field analysis of Pb2+in river water samples and immunoassay of alpha fetoprotein using PbS nanoparticles as signal tag
作者：Wang, Honghai ;Sun, Yan ;Li, Huijuan ;Yue, Weiwei ;Kang, Qi ;Shen, Dazhong
作者机构：[Wang, Honghai ;Sun, Yan ;Yue, Weiwei ;Kang, Qi ;Shen, Dazhong ] College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Collaborative Innov 更多
来源：Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical
摘要：Herein, we developed a smartphone-based ratiometric resonance light scattering (RLS) device for portable field analysis and immunoassay. The RLS signal was detected by the camera in a smartphone controlled by a user-edited APP software. Except the smartphone, the total cost of the detection system itself is about 60 $, including a laser pointer and battery, a twin cuvette, a collective lens, and outside box. By using the RLS brightness ratio between the sample and reference channels in the twin cuvette as the signal indicator, the baseline drifts due to the variations in incident light intensity, ambient temperature, and shooting parameters of camera, can be eliminated efficiently. A new brightness indictor, (R − R0)/(Rmax− R), was proposed to linearize the calibration curve. Where R and R0are the rightness ratio in sample and blank, Rmaxis the maximum averaged brightness ratio, respectively. The applicability of the portable RLS device was demonstrated by the field analysis for Pb2+in environmental water samples, using [CTA]2PbI4］(CAT = cetyltrimethyl ammonium) as the luminophore. The limit of detection for Pb2+is 0.7 μg L−1. By using PbS nanoparticles conjugated second antibody as the signal tag, the RLS method was applied in immunoassay to determine alpha fetoprotein with the limit of detection of 0.1 pg mL−1. This smartphone-based ratiometric RLS device offers the advantages of good portability, low cost, high sensitivity and reliability.
© 2018 Elsevier B.V.