标题：Fabrication and Properties of Superabsorbent Complex Gel Beads Composed of Hydrolyzed Polyacrylamide and Chitosan
作者：Cao, J;Tan, YB;Che, YJ;Ma, Q
作者机构：[Cao, J] School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan 250100, China;[ Tan, Y] School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering 更多
通讯作者地址：[Tan, YB]Shandong Univ, Sch Chem & Chem Engn, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China.
来源：Journal of Applied Polymer Science
摘要：A novel method for preparing complex beads composed of hydrolyzed polyacrylamide (HPAM) and chitosan, based on the electrostatic attraction between -COO- of HPAM and Al3+ and between -COO- and -NH3+ of chitosan, was established. In the two-stage crosslinking process, first Al3+ was used as a crosslinking agent for the crosslinking of HPAM molecules, which were used as the skeleton structure of the gel beads. In the second stage, chitosan diffused into the skeleton structure. The gel beads were characterized with scanning electron microscopy, inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and thermogravimetric analysis. There was a chitosan component in the gel beads, and these gel beads had porous and rough surfaces. The swelling properties of the HPAM-chitosan gel beads were measured in water, in acidic, neutral, and alkaline buffers, and in different saline solutions. The swelling ratio was as high as 3675 g/g in water and 170 g/g in a 0.15 mol/L NaCl solution. The beads showed pH sensitivity in buffers of different pH values and salt sensitivity in different saline solutions. The order of the equilibrium absorbency of the gel beads in different saline solutions was Na+ > K+ > Mg2+ > Ca2+ > Al3+.