标题：A case-control study of the effects of pregnancy planning on neural tube defects and its primary preventive measures.
作者：Gong R;Wang ZP;Gao LJ;Lu QB;Sun XH;Zhao ZT
作者机构：[Gong, R] Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Shandong University, Jinan, China;[ Wang, Z.-P] Department of Epi 更多
通讯作者地址：[Zhao, ZT]Shandong Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol & Hlth Stat, 44 Wenhua Xilu Rd, Jinan 250012, Shandong, Peoples R China.
来源：Birth defects research, Part A. Clinical and molecular teratology
关键词：pregnancy planning; neural tube defects; preventive measures; primary; prevention
摘要：BACKGROUND: Measures for prevention of neural tube defects (NTDs) have been recommended for many years in China, but the compliance with these measures is unsatisfactory. This study aims to compare the effect differences between planned pregnancy and unplanned pregnancy in the compliance with these measures and analyze the interactions between pregnancy planning and these measures for NTD prevention. METHODS: A 1:1 matched case-control study was conducted. We randomly selected 349 women who delivered or gestated babies/fetuses with NTDs in the last two years in two provinces and matched them with 349 women who delivered babies without obvious birth defects as controls. RESULTS: In the case group, 99 women reported that they had planned their pregnancies, accounting for 28.4%, and the proportion who received preconception examinations and took folic acid prior to conception was 13.8 and 8.6%, respectively. According to the multivariate analysis, health education (odds ratio [OR], 0.350), preconception examinations (OR, 0.497) and folic acid consumption prior to conception (OR, 0.257) all had preventative effects on NTDs (for all, p < 0.05). In both groups, the proportions of women who received preconception examinations and reported folic acid intake were much higher for those who reported planning their pregnancies compared to women with an unplanned pregnancy (for all, p < 0.01); and for NTD prevention, synergistic interactions existed between pregnancy planning and the other preventive measures. CONCLUSION: Folic acid consumption prior to conception, preconception examinations, and health education have preventive effects on NTDs. Pregnancy planning can significantly promote compliance with these preventive behaviors. In addition, there are synergistic interactions between pregnancy planning and these measures.