标题：Transition metal ions regulated oxygen evolution reaction performance of Ni-based hydroxides hierarchical nanoarrays
作者：Zhou, Tingting; Cao, Zhen; Zhang, Pan; Ma, Houyi; Gao, Zhen; Wang, Heng; Lu, Yue; He, Jia; Zhao, Yunfeng
作者机构：[Zhou, Tingting; Ma, Houyi] Shandong Univ, Sch Chem & Chem Engn, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China.; [Cao, Zhen; Zhang, Pan; Gao, Zhen; Wang, Heng; Lu, 更多
通讯作者：He, J;Zhao, YF
通讯作者地址：[He, J; Zhao, YF]Tianjin Univ Technol, Inst New Energy Mat & Low Carbon Technol, Tianjin Key Lab Adv Funct Porous Mat, Tianjin 300384, Peoples R China 更多
摘要：Nickel-based hydroxide hierarchical nanoarrays (NiyM(OH)(x) HNAs M = Fe or Zn) are doped with non-noble transition metals to create nanostructures and regulate their activities for the oxygen evolution reaction. Catalytic performance in these materials depends on their chemical composition and the presence of nanostructures. These novel hierarchical nanostructures contain small secondary nanosheets that are grown on the primary nanowire arrays, providing a higher surface area and more efficient mass transport for electrochemical reactions. The activities of the NiyM(OH) x HNAs for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) followed the order of Ni2.2Fe(OH)(x) > Ni(OH)(2) > Ni2.1Zn(OH)(x), and these trends are supported by density functional theory (DFT) calculations. The Fe-doped nickel hydroxide hierarchical nanoarrays (Ni2.2Fe(OH)(x) HNAs), which had an appropriate elemental composition and hierarchical nanostructures, achieve the lowest onset overpotential of 234 mV and the smallest Tafel slope of 64.3 mV dec(-1). The specific activity, which is normalized to the Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area of the catalyst, of the Ni2.2Fe(OH)(x) HNAs is 1.15 mA cm(BET)(-2) at an overpotential of 350 mV. This is similar to 4-times higher than that of Ni(OH)(2). These values are also superior to those of a commercial IrOx electrocatalyst.