标题：Immuno-enhancement effects of Yifei Tongluo Granules on cyclophosphamide-induced immunosuppression in Balb/c mice
作者：Wang, Yongjie; Qi, Qiuchen; Li, Ang; Yang, Min; Huang, Weizhen; Xu, Hongya; Zhao, Zhongxi; Li, Siying
作者机构：[Wang, Yongjie; Qi, Qiuchen; Li, Ang; Yang, Min; Huang, Weizhen; Xu, Hongya; Zhao, Zhongxi; Li, Siying] Shandong Univ, Sch Pharmaceut Sci, 44 West Wen 更多
通讯作者地址：[Zhao, ZX]Shandong Univ, Sch Pharmaceut Sci, 44 West Wenhua Rd, Jinan 250012, Shandong, Peoples R China.
来源：JOURNAL OF ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY
关键词：Traditional Chinese medicine; Immunomodulatory; Cyclophosphamide;; Th1/Th2; Lymphocytes
摘要：Ethnopharmacological relevance: Traditional Chinese medicine Yifei Tongluo Granules has been employed clinically with the combination of chemotherapy agents to treat patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis. However, the mechanisms underlying the therapeutic potential have not been well elucidated. The present study was employed to verify immunomodulatory effect and to investigate the underlying mechanisms which have not been explored.; Materials and methods: The study samples of total extracts (FB-E) and polysaccharides (FB-P) were prepared by the extraction of the Yifei Tongluo Granules using appropriate techniques. A simple immunodeficient mice model was established by challenging Balb/c mice with cyclophosphamide in order to avoid the handling of tuberculosis viruses. The in vivo study was thus designed to systematically elucidate the immuno-enhancement effects of Yifei Tongluo Granules extracts in immunosuppressed mice induced by cyclophosphamide. Balb/c mice were orally ingested once daily with the low and high doses of two different extracts for ten consecutive days, respectively, accompanied by intraperitoneal injection of cyclophosphamide (60 mg/kg) on days 1-3 and 10.; Results: Compared with the model group, the treatment of immunodeficient mice with the low and high doses of the extracts FB-E or FB-P enhanced spleen and thymus indices, T- and B-cell proliferation as well as increased the activities of splenic natural killer, lymphokine activated killer, cytotoxic T lymphocyte cells and peritoneal macrophage phagocytosis. In addition, the FB-E or FB-P treatment balanced the ratio of Th1/Th2 and up-regulated the CD4+/CD8+ ratio in the serum.; Conclusions: These results demonstrate, for the first time, that the treatment of the cyclophosphamide-challenged mice with the Yifei Tongluo Granules extracts resulted in accelerated recovery of immunosuppression, sugguesting that the immunomodulation might be the mechanism for the observed clinical benefits of Yifei Tongluo Granules. Our findings provide preliminary mechanistic study evidences for clinical application of Yifei Tongluo Granules in patients with immunodeficient diseases such as tuberculosis. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.