标题：Research progress of optical H2O sensor with a DFB diode laser
作者：Lv, Guangping ;Chang, Jun ;Wang, Qingpu ;Wang, Qiang ;Wei, Wei
作者机构：[Lv, Guangping ;Chang, Jun ;Wang, Qingpu ;Wang, Qiang ;Wei, Wei ] School of Information Science and Engineering, Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of 更多
关键词：absorption spectrum; DFB diode laser; gas sensing; Water vapor
摘要：In the field of near infrared H2O sensing, the acquisition of the absorption signal usually is from a noisy background, thus it is important to adopt an effective signal demodulation method. This study introduced the research progress in the field of trace water vapor detection, covering different individual gas detection techniques. On the basis of the conventional double-beam differential absorption, the division method in voltage and the dual-peak method based on the differential value of two adjacent absorption lines have been studied. Voltage division has an excellent stability to temperature variation, mechanical extrusion, and fiber bend loss. The dual-peak method proved a linear relation with the water vapor concentration, and this method provided a way to measure the concentration at high pressure. Furthermore, the so called balanced ratiometer detection (BRD) was introduced. It has an outstanding self-adjusting capability, and it can also avoid an excess phase difference caused by the current-to-voltage converting circuit, thus this method has a high sensitivity. In addition, the second harmonic technique applied to gas detection was introduced, and for the high-frequency modulation via driving current, 1/f was suppressed apparently; as a result, this technique realized a better sensitive detection by one to two orders of magnitude. © 2014 The Author(s).