标题：NR2F1 contributes to cancer cell dormancy, invasion and metastasis of salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma by activating CXCL12/CXCR4 pathway
作者：Gao, Xiao-lei; Zheng, Min; Wang, Hao-fan; Dai, Lu-ling; Yu, Xiang-hua; Yang, Xiao; Pang, Xin; Li, Li; Zhang, Mei; Wang, Sha-sha; W 更多 作者机构：[Gao, Xiao-lei; Wang, Hao-fan; Dai, Lu-ling; Yu, Xiang-hua; Yang, Xiao; Pang, Xin; Zhang, Mei; Wang, Sha-sha; Wu, Jing-biao; Liang, Xin-hua; Tang, Ya- 更多
通讯作者：Liang, XH;Tang, YL;Liang, XH;Tang, YL;Tang, YJ
通讯作者地址：[Liang, XH; Tang, YL]Sichuan Univ, West China Hosp Stomatol, State Key Lab Oral Dis, 14,Sec 3,Renminnan Rd, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan, Peoples R China;[ 更多
关键词：Salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma (SACC); nuclear receptor subfamily 2; group F member 1(NR2F1); tumor dormancy; tumor invasion; metastasis
摘要：BackgroundSalivary adenoid cystic carcinoma (SACC) can recur after removal of the primary tumor and treatment, where they can keep no clinical symptoms and dormant state for 10-15years. NR2F1 has been demonstrated to regulate the tumor cell dormancy in various malignant tumors and has a potential impact on recurrence and metastasis of carcinoma. However, the role and significance of NR2F1 in SACC dormancy still remain unknown.MethodsA total number of 59 patients with a diagnosis of SACC were included to detected expression of NR2F1, Ki-67 by immunohistochemical (IHC) staining and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick and labeling (TUNEL). Fisher's exact test was used to examine the NR2F1 expression and clinicopathologic parameters of SACC. In vitro, SACC cell lines were transfected NR2F1 and knockdown NR2F1 respectively. CCK-8, flow cytometry, wound healing assay and transwell invasion determined SACC cell proliferation, apoptosis, cell cycle, migration and invasion respectively. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assays were utilized to demonstrate the potential role of NR2F1 in SACC invasion via CXCL12/CXCR4 axis. In vivo, xenografts of nude mice via subcutaneous injection or tail vein injection were used to testify the results in vitro.ResultsAmong the 59 patients with SACC, 23.73% (14/59) were positive to NR2F1 expression, a lower rate of expression compared with 60% (6/10) in normal salivary gland samples. NR2F1 was correlated with metastasis, relapse and dormancy of SACC. SACC cells with transfected NR2F1 remained dormant, as well as enhanced invasion and metastasis. Knockdown of NR2F1 via siRNA after NR2F1 overexpression restored the proliferation and the cell number in G2/M phases, and reduced the abilities of migration and invasion. In addition, NR2F1 promoted the expression of CXCL12 and CXCR4, and overexpression of CXCL12 at least partly rescued the proliferation, migration, and invasion activities induced by NR2F1 silencing.ConclusionsNR2F1 may be an underlying mechanism of SACC recurrence and metastasis via regulating tumor cell dormancy through CXCL12/CXCR4 pathway.