标题：Morphology Control Enables Efficient Ternary Organic Solar Cells
作者：Xie, Yuanpeng; Yang, Fan; Li, Yuxiang; Uddin, Mohammad Afsar; Bi, Pengqing; Fan, Bingbing; Cai, Yunhao; Hao, Xiaotao; Woo, Han Young; 更多 作者机构：[Xie, Yuanpeng; Fan, Bingbing; Cai, Yunhao; Sun, Yanming] Beihang Univ, Sch Chem, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China.; [Yang, Fan; Li, Weiwei] Chinese 更多
通讯作者：Sun, YM;Sun, Yanming
通讯作者地址：[Sun, YM]Beihang Univ, Sch Chem, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China.
关键词：ICBA; morphology; nonfullerene acceptor; organic solar cells; ternary; structure
摘要：Ternary organic solar cells are promising alternatives to the binary counterpart due to their potential in achieving high performance. Although a growing number of ternary organic solar cells are recently reported, less effort is devoted to morphology control. Here, ternary organic solar cells are fabricated using a wide-bandgap polymer PBT1-C as the donor, a crystalline fused-ring electron acceptor ITIC-2Cl, and an amorphous fullerene derivative indene-C-60 bisadduct (ICBA) as the acceptor. It is found that ICBA can disturb pi-pi interactions of the crystalline ITIC-2Cl molecules in ternary blends and then help to form more uniform morphology. As a result, incorporation of 20% ICBA in the PBT1-C:ITIC-2Cl blend enables efficient charge dissociation, negligible bimolecular recombination, and balanced charge carrier mobilities. An impressive power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 13.4%, with a high fill factor (FF) of 76.8%, is eventually achieved, which represents one of the highest PCEs reported so far for organic solar cells. The results manifest that the adoption of amorphous fullerene acceptor is an effective approach to optimizing the ternary blend morphology and thereby increases the solar cell performance.