标题：Carbon policies, fossil fuel price, and the impact on employment
作者：Zhang, Jinying; Cross, Melvin L.
作者机构：[Zhang, Jinying] Shandong Univ Finance & Econ, Jinan, Peoples R China.; [Cross, Melvin L.] Dalhousie Univ, Halifax, NS, Canada.
通讯作者地址：Zhang, JY (corresponding author), Shandong Univ Finance & Econ, Jinan, Peoples R China.
来源：CLEAN TECHNOLOGIES AND ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY
关键词：Carbon policies; Employment effect; Environmental policies; Fossil fuel; price; Thermal coal; Thermal power industry
摘要：Carbon policies can be expected to increase the price of fossil fuel, either directly through a cap-and-trade system or carbon tax, or indirectly by regulations that place an implicit tax on fossil fuel. We construct a theoretical model to decompose the effect on employment in a specific industry caused by an increase in the price of fossil fuel. We find that the total effect is determined by the market's responsiveness to the changes of the prices of fossil fuel and final product. We verify the theoretical model by an empirical analysis of China's thermal power industry. Because China is the largest carbon emitter in the world and thermal power industry is the biggest carbon emitter industry in China, the empirical model has strong reference value for other countries and industries. Policy makers should be prepared to mitigate any adverse effects on employment that a carbon policy might cause.; [GRAPHICS]; .