标题：THREE-DIMENSIONAL NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF THERMAL-HYDRAULIC PERFORMANCE OF A CIRCULAR TUBE WITH EDGEFOLD-TWISTED-TAPE INSERTS
作者：Cui Yong-zhang; Tian Mao-cheng
作者机构：[Cui, Y.-Z] School of Energy and Power Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan 250061, China, School of Thermal Engineering, Shandong Jianzhu Universi 更多
通讯作者地址：[Tian, MC]Shandong Univ, Sch Energy & Power Engn, Jinan 250061, Peoples R China.
关键词：heat transfer enhancement;Edgefold-Twisted-Tape (ETT);Spiral-Twisted-Tape (STT);thermal-hydraulic performance
摘要：Three-dimensional numerical simulations and experiments were carried out to study the heat transfer characteristics and the pressure drop of air flow in a circular tube with Edgefold-Twisted Tape (ETT) inserts and with classic Spiral-Twisted-Tape (STT) inserts of the same twist ratio.The RNG turbulence model for mildly swirling flows,the enhanced wall treatment for low Reynolds numbers,and the SIMPLE pressure-velocity method were adopted to simulate the flow and heat transfer characteristics.Within the range of Reynolds number from 2 500 to 9 500 and the twist ratio y from 5.4 to 11.4,the Nusselt number of the tube with ETT inserts is found to be 3.9%-9.2% higher than that with STT inserts,and the friction factor of the tube with ETT inserts is 8.7%-74% higher than that of STT inserts.The heat enhancement is due to higher tangential velocity and asymmetrical velocity profile with the increase and decrease of the periodic velocity within an edgefold length.It is found that main factors affecting the heat transfer of ETT inserts are the twist angle and the gap width between the tube and inserts.A larger twist angle leads to a higher tangential velocity,and larger Nusselt number and friction factor.The thermal-hydraulic performance slowly decreases as the twist angle increases.The gap width between tube and inserts has a significant influence on the heat transfer,while little influence on pressure drops.The thermal-hydraulic performance increases in average by 124% and 140% when the gap width reduces from 1.5 mm to 1.0 mm and 0.5 mm.The larger the gap width,the higher velocity through the gap will be,which would reduce the main flow velocity and tangential velocity.So a small gap is desirable.Comparing experimental and numerical results at variable air flow and tube wall temperature,the numerical results are found to be in a reasonable agreement with the experiment results,with difference of the Nusselt number in a range of 1.6%-3.6%,and that of the friction factor in a range of 8.2%-13.6%.