标题：US-China collaborative biofuel research: towards a global solution for petroleum replacement
作者：Joshua S Yuan;Yibo Qu;Shizhong Li;C Neal Stewart Jr
作者机构：[Yuan, J.S] Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843, United States, Institute for Plant Ge 更多
摘要：Despite biofuel\'s potential as an economically and environmentally sustainable alternative to petroleum-based transportation fuel, the transition to biofuels for transportation has yet to be realized because of several major challenges [l]. The key technical barriers for the development of a mature biofuel industry include the availability of sufficient quantities of feedstocks; issues with existing infrastructure compatibility; environmental sustainability concerns; and uncertainty about long-term economic viability, all of which depend on the overall efficiency of converting sunlight to biomass to fuel [l]. For example, the new US Renewable Fuels Standard requires the production of 36 billion gallons of renewable biofuels by the year 2022, of which 21 billion must be advanced biofuels. In order to reach this goal, we will have to produce 4.636 billion GJ liquid fuel energy (usinggasoline as the standard).