标题：Satellite data cloud detection using deep learning supported by hyperspectral data
作者：Sun, Lin; Yang, Xu; Jia, Shangfeng; Jia, Chen; Wang, Quan; Liv, Xinyan; Wei, Jing; Zhou, Xueying
作者机构：[Sun, Lin; Yang, Xu; Jia, Shangfeng; Jia, Chen; Wang, Quan; Liv, Xinyan] Shandong Univ Sci & Technol, Geomat Coll, Qingdao 266590, Shandong, Peoples R 更多
通讯作者地址：[Yang, X]Shandong Univ Sci & Technol, Geomat Coll, Qingdao 266590, Shandong, Peoples R China.
来源：INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF REMOTE SENSING
摘要：Deep learning methods can play an important role in satellite data cloud detection. The number and quality of training samples directly affect the accuracy of cloud detection based on deep learning. Therefore, selecting a large number of representative and high-quality training samples is a key step in cloud detection based on deep learning. For different satellite data sources, choosing sufficient and high-quality training samples has become an important factor limiting the application of deep learning in cloud detection. This paper presents a fast method for obtaining high-quality learning samples, which can be used for cloud detection of different satellite data with deep learning methods. AVIRIS (Airborne Visible Infrared Imaging Spectrometer) data, which have 224 continuous bands in the spectral range from 400-2500 nm, are used to provide cloud detection samples for different types of satellite data. Through visual interpretation, a sufficient number of cloud and clear sky pixels are selected from the AVIRIS data to construct a hyperspectral data sample library, which is used to simulate different satellite data (such as data from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) and Landsat Operational Land Imager (OLI) satellites) as training samples. This approach avoids selecting training samples for different satellite sensors. Based on the Keras deep learning framework platform, a backpropagation (BP) neural network is employed for cloud detection from Landsat 8 OLI, National Polar-orbiting Partnership (NPP) Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) and Terra MODIS data. The results are compared with cloud coverage results interpreted via artificial vision. The results demonstrate that the algorithm achieves good cloud detection results for the above data, and the overall accuracy is greater than 90%.