标题：MMS Observations of Kinetic-size Magnetic Holes in the Terrestrial Magnetotail Plasma Sheet
作者：Huang, S. Y.; He, L. H.; Yuan, Z. G.; Sahraoui, F.; Le Contel, O.; Deng, X. H.; Zhou, M.; Fu, H. S.; Jiang, K.; Yu, X. D.; Li, H. 更多 作者机构：[Huang, S. Y.; He, L. H.; Yuan, Z. G.; Jiang, K.; Yu, X. D.; Deng, D.] Wuhan Univ, Sch Elect Informat, Wuhan, Hubei, Peoples R China.; [Huang, S. Y. 更多
通讯作者：Huang, SY;Huang, SY
通讯作者地址：[Huang, SY]Wuhan Univ, Sch Elect Informat, Wuhan, Hubei, Peoples R China;[Huang, SY]Shandong Univ, Shandong Prov Key Lab Opt Astron & Solar Terr Env, 更多
关键词：planets and satellites: magnetic fields; plasmas; turbulence; waves
摘要：Kinetic-size magnetic holes (KSMHs) in the terrestrial magnetotail plasma sheet are statistically investigated using the observations from the Magnetospheric Multiscale mission. The scales of KSMHs are found to be smaller than one ion gyroradius or tens of electron gyroradii. The occurrence distributions of KSMHs have dawn-dusk asymmetry (duskside preference) in the magnetotail, which may be caused by the Hall effect. Most events of KSMHs (71.7%) are accompanied by a substorm, implying that substorms may provide favorable conditions for the excitation of KSMHs. However, there is a weak correlation between KSMHs and magnetic reconnection. The statistical results reveal that for most of the events, the electron total temperature and perpendicular temperature increase while the electron parallel temperature decreases inside the KSMHs. The electron temperature anisotropy (T-e perpendicular to/T-e parallel to > 1) is observed in 72% of KSMHs. Whistler-mode waves are frequently observed inside the KSMHs, and most (92%) KSMHs associated with whistler waves have enhancements of electron perpendicular distributions and satisfy the unstable condition of whistler instability. This suggests that the observed electron-scale whistler waves, locally generated by the electron temperature anisotropy, could couple with the electron-scale KSMHs. The observed features of KSMHs and their coupling to electron-scale whistlers are similar to the ones in the turbulent magnetosheath, implying that they are ubiquitous in the space plasmas. The generation of KSMHs in the plasma sheet could be explained by an electron vortex magnetic hole, magnetosonic solitons, and/or ballooning/interchange instabilities.