标题：A review on the sustainability of constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment: Design and operation
作者：Wu, Haiming; Zhang, Jian; Ngo, Huu Hao; Guo, Wenshan; Hu, Zhen; Liang, Shuang; Fan, Jinlin; Liu, Hai
作者机构：[Wu, Haiming] Northwest A&F Univ, Coll Resources & Environm, Yangling 712100, Shaanxi, Peoples R China.; [Wu, Haiming; Zhang, Jian; Hu, Zhen; Liang, 更多
通讯作者地址：[Zhang, J]Shandong Univ, Sch Environm Sci & Engn, Shandong Key Lab Water Pollut Control & Resource, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China.
关键词：Constructed wetland; Wastewater treatment; Wetland plants; Pollutant; removal
摘要：Constructed wetlands (CWs) have been used as a green technology to treat various wastewaters for several decades. CWs offer a land-intensive, low-energy, and less-operational-requirements alternative to conventional treatment systems, especially for small communities and remote locations. However, the sustainable operation and successful application of these systems remains a challenge. Hence, this paper aims to provide and inspire sustainable solutions for the performance and application of CWs by giving a comprehensive review of CWs' application and the recent development on their sustainable design and operation for wastewater treatment. Firstly, a brief summary on the definition, classification and application of current CWs was presented. The design parameters and operational conditions of CWs including plant species, substrate types, water depth, hydraulic load, hydraulic retention time and feeding mode related to the sustainable operation for wastewater treatments were then discussed. Lastly, future research on improving the stability and sustainability of CWs were highlighted. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.