标题：High piezoelectric performance and domain configurations of (K0.45Na0.55)(0.)98Li0.02Nb0.76Ta0.18Sb0.06O3 lead-free ceramics prepared by two-step sintering
作者：Yao, Weizeng; Zhang, Jialiang; Wang, Xuemei; Zhou, Chunming; Sun, Xue; Zhan, Jie
作者机构：[Yao, Weizeng; Zhang, Jialiang; Wang, Xuemei; Zhou, Chunming; Sun, Xue; Zhan, Jie] Shandong Univ, Sch Phys, State Key Labs Crystal Mat, Jinan 250100, 更多
通讯作者：Zhang, Jialiang;Zhang, JL;Zhan, J
通讯作者地址：[Zhang, JL; Zhan, J]Shandong Univ, Sch Phys, State Key Labs Crystal Mat, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples R China.
来源：JOURNAL OF THE EUROPEAN CERAMIC SOCIETY
关键词：High piezoelectric performance; Domain configurations; KNN-based; ceramic; Two-step sintering
摘要：Research for high-performance lead-free piezoelectric materials has become an urgent issue from the environmental concern. Very limited attempts on two-step sintering had been made so far. In this study, (K0.45Na0.55)(0.98)Li0.02Nb0.76Ta0.18Sb0.06O3 ceramics were prepared by both conventional sintering and two-step sintering. Piezoelectric properties, microstructure and domain structure were found to change significantly with sintering methods and sintering conditions. Two-step sintering was performed in the way that temperature is first quickly raised to 1180 degrees C, kept for 1 min, then immediately cooled down to 1120 degrees C and maintained for a desired time length. The effects of dwelling time on piezoelectric performance and microstructure as well as domain structure were investigated. High piezoelectric properties of d(33) = 455 pC/N, k(p) = 0.54 and k(33) = 0.67 were obtained in a ceramic prepared under the dwelling time of 20 h. This ceramic also possesses a very good piezoelectric thermal-ageing stability over - 50 degrees C-150 degrees C. Further investigation reveals that this ceramic has a quite uniform grain-size distribution with the average grain size of about 12 mu m in microstructure and shows domain patterns of simple parallel stripes with a hierarchical nanodomain structure appearing inside some of broad stripes. The observed excellent piezoelectric performance is considered to associate closely with the unique domain structure.