标题：Emergency management in China: towards a comprehensive model?
作者：Lu X.; Han Z.
作者机构：[Lu, X] Center for Crisis Management Research, School of Public Policy and Management, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China;[ Han, Z] School of Politic 更多
通讯作者地址：[Lu, X] Center for Crisis Management Research, School of Public Policy and Management, Tsinghua UniversityChina;
来源：Journal of Risk Research
关键词：all hazards approach; applicability; China; comparison; Comprehensive emergency management (CEM); emergency management system
摘要：The institutional structures and processes of emergency management have been infused with ideas of Comprehensive Emergency Management (CEM) and the so-called all-hazard approach in various countries since the mid-1980s. China’s new emergency management system has moved to the direction of a more CEM-like system, though some experts advocate an even more comprehensive system. This article examines the applicability of three popular CEM principles in the Chinese context: all-hazard, all-phase and all-stakeholder involvement. We argue that (1) an all-hazard coordinating ministry was established for a different reason; (2) integrating all-phase management (especially mitigation phase) should not only be applied in post-catastrophes reconstructions, but also in prior disaster mitigation phases; (3) too much stake has been imposed on individual leaders in vertical governmental relations which hinders opportunities on trial and error learning after an emergency. Finally, we try to contribute to the extensions of the CEM concept after comparing applications in different political and administrative contexts. © 2018, © 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.