标题：Feasibility of Measuring GABA Levels in the Upper Brainstem in Healthy Volunteers Using Edited MRS
作者：Song, Yulu; Gong, Tao; Edden, Richard A. E.; Wang, Guangbin
作者机构：[Song, Yulu; Gong, Tao; Wang, Guangbin] Shandong Univ, Cheeloo Coll Med, Shandong Med Imaging Res Inst, Dept Imaging & Nucl Med, Jinn, Peoples R China 更多
通讯作者地址：Wang, GB (corresponding author), Shandong Univ, Cheeloo Coll Med, Shandong Med Imaging Res Inst, Dept Imaging & Nucl Med, Jinn, Peoples R China.
来源：FRONTIERS IN PSYCHIATRY
关键词：GABA; MRI; MEGA-PRESS; brainstem; spectroscopy
摘要：Purpose To assess the feasibility of small-voxel MEGA-PRESS in detecting gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) levels of the upper brainstem in healthy volunteers. Materials and Methods Forty-two healthy volunteers, aged between 20 and 76 years were enrolled in this study, and underwent a 3.0T MRI scan using an eight-channel phased-array head coil. The MEGA-PRESS sequence was used to edit GABA signal from a 10x25x30 mm(3)voxel in the upper brain stem. The detected signal includes contributions from macromolecules (MM) and homocarnosine and is therefore referred to as GABA+. All the data were processed using Gannet. Results Thirty-four cases were successful in measuring GABA in the upper brainstem and 8 cases failed (based on poor modeling of spectra). The GABA+ levels were 2.66 +/- 0.75 i.u. in the upper brainstem of healthy volunteers, ranging from 1.50 to 4.40 i.u. The normalized fitting residual (FitErr in Gannet) was 12.1 +/- 2.8%, ranging from 7.4% to 19.1%; it was below 15.5% in 30 cases (71%). Conclusions It is possible to measure GABA levels in the upper brainstem using MEGA-PRESS with a relatively small ROI, with a moderate between-subject variance of under 30%.