标题：Investigation of third-order nonlinear optical properties of NNDC-doped PMMA thin films by Z-scan technique
作者：Chen, J.;Wang, X.;Ren, Q.;Patil, P.S.;Li, T.;Yang, H.;Zhang, J.;Li, G.;Zhu, L.
作者机构：[Chen, J] School of Information Science and Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan 250100, China;[ Wang, X] State Key Laboratory of Crystal Materials 更多
通讯作者地址：[Chen, JW]Shandong Univ, Sch Informat Sci & Engn, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China.
来源：Applied physics, A. Materials science & processing
摘要：A novel chalcone derivative, (2E)-1-(2,4-di- chloro-5-fluorophenyl)-3-[4- dimethylamino)phenyl]prop-2-en-1-one, abbreviated as NNDC, was prepared and characterized by elemental analyses, infrared (IR) and proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) spectrum, and thermal analyses. The NNDC-doped poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) thin films with five different doping concentrations by weight were prepared by using a spin-coating method. Their linear optical properties were investigated by using a prism coupling measuring system. The third-order nonlinear optical properties of NNDC in 1,2-dichloroethane (NNDC/1,2-dichloroethane) solution and NNDC-doped PMMA (NNDC/PMMA) films were investigated by using the laser Z-scan technique with 20 ps pulses at 532 nm. A self-focusing effect was observed from the Z-scan curves for solution and thin films and the nonlinear refractive index of the film increases with the increase of the doping concentration. In addition, nonlinear absorption was negligible for all samples. The magnitude of third-order nonlinear refraction index n _2 and the third-order nonlinear susceptibility χ ~(3) for thin films were 10~(-15) m ~2/W and 10~(-9) esu, respectively, which are about three orders larger than that of NNDC/1,2-dichloroethane solution. Some necessary analyses were presented. The results show that this material is a promising candidate for application in the nonlinear optical devices at 532 nm.