标题：Oligosaccharides: Sources, properties and applications
作者：Chen K.; Bai Y.
作者机构：[Chen, K] Laboratory of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, School of Life Science, Shandong University, 27 Shanda Nanlu, Jinan 250100, China;[ Bai, Y 更多
通讯作者地址：[Chen, K] Laboratory of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, School of Life Science, Shandong University, 27 Shanda Nanlu, Jinan 250100, China
来源：Oligosaccharides: Sources, Properties and Applications
摘要：It has been demonstrated that oligosaccharides have diverse bioactivities and functions. In plants, oligosaccharides act as early signal molecules and play an important role in the plant growth, development and morphogenesis as well as plant defense responses. Oligosaccharides are characterized as elicitors to trigger plant systemic acquired resistance against a variety of pathogens. Furthermore, oligosaccharides have been used to restore and maintain the intestinal balance by stimulating the growth and reproduction of probiotic strains such as Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium and restraining the infection of pathogenic bacteria. In murine and human, the immunemodulatory activities of oligosaccharides which can stimulate the proliferation of splenocytes and the activation of macrophages are confirmed by many studies. Meanwhile, oligosaccharides significantly induce the accumulation of immune regulation factors and inhibit the growth of cancer cell, which act as assistant agents in treating immune system diseases such as hepatitis and cancer. Oligosaccharides also can regulate blood lipid, blood sugar and blood pressure. Therefore, these biological properties of oligosaccharides have made great contribution in the application of these oligosaccharides in agriculture, functional food and pharmaceutical products. © 2011 by Nova Science Publishers, Inc. All rights reserved.